GROWTH RESPONSE, BODY TEMPERATURE AND BLOOD CONSTITUENTS OF PULLET CHICKS FED CASSAVA PEEL MEAL SUPPLEMENTED WITH CASHEW NUT REJECT MEAL
Keywords:Growth response, bird' body temperature, blood constituents, pullet chicks
A 3 x 4 factorial experiment was conducted with four hundred and thirty-two, 7day old Yaafa brown pullet chicks in which the birds were divided into 12 treatment groups with 3 replications of 12 birds each. The diets consisted of 3 levels of cassava peel meal-CPM (0%, 10% and 20%) with each supplemented with 4 levels of cashew nut reject meal-CNM (0%, 10%, 20% and 30%). The study was conducted for 56 days. 20% CPM inclusion in the diets increased (P < 0.05) the bird’s body temperature and significantly (P < 0.05) decreased the weight gain across treatments. Significant (P < 0.05) declines were also seen in the final weight from 0% to 20% CPM inclusion levels 0% CPM inclusion gave the highest (P < 0.05) weight gain 9.56 with the best (P < 0.05) feed/gain ration of 3.62. The cost of 1kg feed consumed (#) and 1kg feed consumed/weight gain #/g) were significantly (P < 0.05) influenced by CPM inclusion in the diets. The lowest values of #38.09 and #4.00, respectively, were recorded in 0% CPM inclusion. The effect in the platelet. However, the effect of CNM inclusion on the performance and cost benefits, showed that the body temperature marginally increased (P > 0.05). Significant (P < 0.05) differences were observed in feed intake, percentage mortality, cost of 1kg feed consumed and cost of 1kg feed consumed/weight gain with CNM inclusion. The 30% CNM inclusion level had the lowest feed intake of 33.91g/bird and the best feed/gain of 3.86. The blood parameters recorded fluctuating values with CNM inclusion. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were observed only in the packed cell volume and the total protein. In the interaction, the highest final weight, weight gain and the best feed/gain were observed in diets 3 (0%CPM and 20%CNM). The lowest body temperature (P < 0.05) of 37.9oC was recorded in diet 1 (0%CPM and 0%CNM) while the highest value of 41.0oC was recorded in diets 9 (20%CPM and 0%CNM) and 10 (20%CPM and 10%CNM). The results showed that the blood parameters were not affected by the protein quality of the diets as CNM inclusion levels masked the deleterious effect of CPM in the diets. It was therefore concluded that the supplementation of CPM diets with CNM enhanced the utilization of the diets by ensuring normal growth response body temperature and blood constitutions.