Influence of phosphorus sources and storage duration on physical characteristics and fibre fractions of Stylosanthes guianensis hay

Authors

  • A. A. Amisu Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State
  • I. A. Ewetola Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • O. A. Okekenu Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State
  • S. O. Jimoh Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State
  • J. A. Olanite Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51791/njap.v49i2.3482

Keywords:

Fibre fraction, legumes, Stylosanthes, hay, phosphorus

Abstract

Phosphorus is a primary nutrient essential for plant growth and development for regulation of various enzymatic activities while deficiency of phosphorus in soil has an adverse impact on legume production as it is required for energy transformation in nodules and enhanced Nfixation (Yadav et al. 2017). However, most of the agricultural soils have inadequate amounts of P to support efficient biological nitrogen fixation (Brown et al. 2013). So there is a need to review P resources to better legume crop productivity and soil sustainability through increasing efficiency in legumes. Therefore, the research was conducted to evaluate ensis as influenced by phosphorus sources and storage duration. The study was a 3 xphysical characteristics and fibre fractions of hay made from Stylosanthes guian 3 factorial arrangement laidout as split-plot design comprising of threephosphorus sources (SSP, poultry and control) as the main plot while the three storage duration (0, 2 and 4months) as the sub plot, which wasreplicated three times. Resultshowsthat physical characteristics evaluated as influenced by phosphorus sources were significant (p<0.05) except for foreign materials. The unfertilized Stylosanthes guianensis hay (12.28) and those fertilized with poultry manure (12.96) recorded higher leafiness than those fertilized with SSP (10.39). The values for color were higher in the unfertilized legume hay (12.65). Odour values ranged from 14.14 in the legume hay fertilized with SSP to 14.77 in those fertilized with poultry manure. However, leafiness and colour were the only parameters influenced by the interaction of phosphorus sources and storage duration. The highest leafiness was recorded for Stylosanthes guianensis hay fertilized with poultry manure stored for zeromonth (14.00) and those fertilized with SSP and stored for two months (13.96). The highest and lowest Neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and Acid detergent lignin (ADL)valueswere recorded for poultry fertilized legume hay (51.55% and 8.41%) and those fertilized with SSP(46.58% and 7.83). The effect of storage duration on the fibre fractions of Stylosanthes guianensis hay followed a similar trend. The NDF (52.53%), ADF (17.10%), ADL (7.50%), and hemicellulose (34.43%) were significantly higher for the legume hay stored for four months and lower in those stored for zero months (48.53%, 16.17%, 7.30%, and 29.37%, respectively). The interaction of phosphorus sources and storage duration was only significant on NDF and hemicellulose.Phosphorus is a primary nutrient essential for plant growth and development for regulation of various enzymatic activities while deficiency of phosphorus in soil has an adverse impact on legume production as it is required for energy transformation in nodules and enhanced Nfixation (Yadav et al. 2017). However, most of the agricultural soils have inadequate amounts of P to support efficient biological nitrogen fixation (Brown et al. 2013). So there is a need to review P resources to better legume crop productivity and soil sustainability through increasing efficiency in legumes. Therefore, the research was conducted to evaluate ensis as influenced by phosphorus sources and storage duration. The study was a 3 xphysical characteristics and fibre fractions of hay made from Stylosanthes guian 3 factorial arrangement laidout as split-plot design comprising of threephosphorus sources (SSP, poultry and control) as the main plot while the three storage duration (0, 2 and 4months) as the sub plot, which wasreplicated three times. Resultshowsthat physical characteristics evaluated as influenced by phosphorus sources were significant (p<0.05) except for foreign materials. The unfertilized Stylosanthes guianensis hay (12.28) and those fertilized with poultry manure (12.96) recorded higher leafiness than those fertilized with SSP (10.39). The values for color were higher in the unfertilized legume hay (12.65). Odour values ranged from 14.14 in the legume hay fertilized with SSP to 14.77 in those fertilized with poultry manure. However, leafiness and colour were the only parameters influenced by the interaction of phosphorus sources and storage duration. The highest leafiness was recorded for Stylosanthes guianensis hay fertilized with poultry manure stored for zeromonth (14.00) and those fertilized with SSP and stored for two months (13.96). The highest and lowest Neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and Acid detergent lignin (ADL)valueswere recorded for poultry fertilized legume hay (51.55% and 8.41%) and those fertilized with SSP(46.58% and 7.83). The effect of storage duration on the fibre fractions of Stylosanthes guianensis hay followed a similar trend. The NDF (52.53%), ADF (17.10%), ADL (7.50%), and hemicellulose (34.43%) were significantly higher for the legume hay stored for four months and lower in those stored for zero months (48.53%, 16.17%, 7.30%, and 29.37%, respectively). The interaction of phosphorus sources and storage duration was only significant on NDF and hemicellulose.Stylosanthes hay stored for zeroand two months aremore palatable due to their high leaf content, while both SSP and poultry manure enhance hay leafiness during storage. In conclusion, the study may imply that the interaction of these factors could provide animals with sufficient nutrient uptake from the higher number ofleaves recorded.

 

 

 

Le phosphore est un élément nutritif primaire essentiel à la croissance des plantes et au développement de la réglementation de diverses activités enzymatiques, tandis que la carence en phosphore dans le sol a une incidence négative sur la production de légumineuses, car elle est nécessaire pour la transformation de l'énergie dans les nodules et la fixation de nivellement. Cependant, la plupart des sols agricoles ont une quantité inadéquate de P de soutenir une fixation efficace de l'azote biologique (Brown et al. 2013). Il est donc nécessaire d'examiner des ressources pour une meilleure productivité des cultures de légumineuses et une durabilité des sols en augmentant l'efficacité des légumineuses. Par  conséquent, les recherches ont été menées pour évaluer les caractéristiques physiques et les fractions de fibres de foin à base de stylosanthes guianensis comme influencée par des sources de phosphore et une durée de stockage. L'étude était un agencement factoriel de 3 x 3 disposé en tant que conception de tracé fractionnée comprenant trois sources de phosphore (SSP, la volaille et la commande) comme la graphique principale tandis que la durée de stockage (0, 2 et 4 mois) comme la sous-parcelle, qui a été reproduit trois fois. Le résultat montre que les caractéristiques physiques évaluées comme influencées par des sources de phosphore étaient importantes (p <0,05) sauf pour les matériaux étrangers. Les foins de stylosanthes non fertilisés guanensis (12,28) et ceux fécondés avec un fumier de volaille (12,96) ont enregistré une lumière plus élevée que celles fécondées avec SSP (10,39). Les valeurs de couleur étaient plus élevées dans le foin de légumineuses non fertilisées (12,65). Les valeurs des odeurs allaient de 14,14 dans le foin de légumineuses fertilisées avec un SSP à 14,77 chez ceux fécondés avec un fumier de volaille. Cependant, la fabrication et la couleur étaient les seuls paramètres influencés par l'interaction des sources de phosphore et la durée de stockage. Le feuillu le plus élevé a été enregistré pour les stylosanthes guanensis foin fécondé avec un fumier de volaille stocké pour un mois zéro (14h00) et ceux fécondés avec SSP et stockés pendant deux mois (13.96). Les valeurs de fibre de détergent neutre (FDN) la plus élevée et la plus faible et de la lignine de détergent acide (LDA) ont été enregistrées pour le foin de légumineuses fertilisées de volaille (51,55% et 8,41%) et celles fécondées avec SSP (46,58% et 7,83). L'effet de la durée du stockage sur les fractions de fibres de stylosanthes guanensis foin a suivi une tendance similaire. Le FDN (52,53%), ADF (17,10%), LDA (7,50%) et l'hémicellulose (34,43%) (34,43%) étaient nettement plus élevés pour le foin de légumineuses stocké pendant quatre mois et moins chez ceux stockés pendant une zéro mois (48,53%, 16,17%, 7,30% et 29,37%, respectivement). L'interaction des sources de phosphore et de la durée du stockage n'était importante que sur le FDN et l'hémicellulose. Les foins de stylosanthes stockés pour zéro et deux mois sont plus agréables en raison de leur teneur élevée en feuille, tandis que la SSP et le fumier de volaille améliorent les feuilles de foin pendant le stockage. En conclusion, l'étude peut impliquer que l'interaction de ces facteurs pourrait fournir aux animaux une absorption suffisante des nutriments provenant du nombre élevé de feuilles enregistrées.

Author Biographies

A. A. Amisu, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

Department of Pasture and Range Management

I. A. Ewetola, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Science,
College of Animal Science and Animal Production

O. A. Okekenu, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

Department of Pasture and Range Management

S. O. Jimoh, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

Department of Pasture and Range Management

J. A. Olanite, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

Department of Pasture and Range Management

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Published

2022-03-08

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