Embryo Physiological Status, Chick Yield and Hatchability of Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Eggs Incubated in Fabricated Electric Incubators at Different Temperatures

Authors

  • K. O. Idahor Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus
  • C. I. Nwosuh National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom
  • O. A. Sokunbi University of Ibadan, Ibadan
  • O. H. Osaiyuwu University of Ibadan, Ibadan
  • O. Odu University of Ibadan, Ibadan
  • N. M. Sati National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom
  • P. Emenaa National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom

Keywords:

egg, Japanese quail, electric incubators

Abstract

Five electric incubators were fabricated and set at 36oC, 37oC, 38oC, 39oC and 40oC representing the treatments. A total of 300 hundred Japanese quail eggs were divided into 60 each per incubator and embryo physiological status, chick yield and hatchability were monitored. It was observed that the fabricated incubators were seemingly effective but could not retain heat and moisture, possibly because lagging materials were not used. This probably resulted in no hatching among the eggs set at 36oC,even when the egg fertility was between 58.3 and 80.0%.Therefore, the efficiency of these fabricated incubators may depend on constant electricity supply. Meanwhile, eggs incubated at 37 to 40oC hatched but the highest hatchability (66.7%) was recorded in those incubated at 39oC. In a similar trend, the chick yield was best (55.8g) in chicks hatched at 39oC, thus 39oC could be recommended for quail chick production.

Author Biographies

K. O. Idahor, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus

Department of Animal Science

O. A. Sokunbi, University of Ibadan, Ibadan

Animal Science Department

O. H. Osaiyuwu, University of Ibadan, Ibadan

Animal Science Department

O. Odu, University of Ibadan, Ibadan

Animal Science Department

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Idahor, K. O., Nwosuh, C. I., Sokunbi, O. A., Osaiyuwu, O. H., Odu, O., Sati, N. M., & Emenaa, P. (2024). Embryo Physiological Status, Chick Yield and Hatchability of Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Eggs Incubated in Fabricated Electric Incubators at Different Temperatures. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 315–318. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/4880

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