Egg Production Performance of Layer Birds at the University of Maiduguri Poultry Farm

Authors

  • J. Aliyu University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Y. M. Bello University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Keywords:

Layers, egg production, feed intake, genotype, season

Abstract

Data were analyzed to investigate the production performance and feed intake of three strains of layer chickens (Rhode Island Red, Isa Brown and Bovin Brown) from 2006-2011 at the University of Maiduguri Poultry Unit of the Livestock Teaching and Research Farm, Maiduguri, Nigeria. The birds were reared in a 2-tier battery cage and eggs were picked in the mornings and evenings. The data were analyzed for variance using the SPSS package and the means were separated using the Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The result shows that strain, age, season and year vary significantly (p<0.001) in egg production and feed intake. Rhode Island Red recorded the highest egg production (58.83 ± 0.29%) and feed intake (144.78 ± 1.30g) followed by Bovin Brown, while lowest production and feed intake (101.22 ± 0.86 g), (41.81 ± 0.89%) were recorded for Isa Brown. Birds within the age group of 40-44 weeks had the highest egg production (58.76 ± 4.13%) and feed intake (134.86 ± 1.33 g), respectively. The lowest production was recorded at 20 - 24 weeks (35.39 ± 1.99%) while birds of 55-59 weeks recorded lowest feed intake (96.56 ± 1.21 g). Dry-cold season favoured egg production (57.47 ± 0.39%) and feed intake (130.68 ± 1.19g), while the lowest production was recorded in the wet season (46.36 ± 0.87%). However, lowest feed intake was observed in the dry- hot season (115.55 ± 1.18 g). The year 2009 recorded the highest egg production (60.67 ± 2.02%) which was not significantly different from those of 2007 (58.83 ± 0.29%) while the year 2008 recorded the highest feed intake (148.42 ± 0.84 g). Rhode Island Red had the highest egg production and dry-cold season favoured increase feed intake which supports egg production. Layer chickens of 40 - 44 weeks of age had the highest egg production.

Author Biographies

J. Aliyu, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Department of Animal Science 

Y. M. Bello, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Department of Animal Science  

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Aliyu, J., & Bello, Y. M. (2024). Egg Production Performance of Layer Birds at the University of Maiduguri Poultry Farm. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 382–385. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5216

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