Determination of Phytin Phosphorus in Feed, Pre-Caeca Digesta and Faecal Droppings in Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Supplemented With or Without Phytase

Authors

  • O. T. mola Dara Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State
  • A. O. Fasuyi Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti

Keywords:

Phytase, pre-caeca digesta, faecaldroppings, Broiler chicken

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine phytin-phosphorus in feed, pre-caeca digest and faecal droppings of broiler
finisher birds fed with or without phytase supplementation. Two hundred and forty day-old Anak-2000 chicks were used for the
experiment. The birds were randomly divided into 5 treatments of 4 replicates each of 12 birds per replicate making a total
number of 48 birds per treatments in a completely randomised design experiment (CRD). The diets were formulated as follows.
Diet 1 was the reference diet with no phytase supplementation with protein sources of both plant and animal origins. Diets 2 and 3 were duplicate diets with enzyme supplementation only in diet 3. Diets 4 and 5 were also duplicate diets with enzyme
supplementation only in diet 5. Diets 2 and 3 had groundnut cake as the major plant protein ingredients while diets 4and 5 had
soybean as the major plant protein ingredient. Samples were collected from the five experimental diets, pre-caeca digest and
fecal droppings of the experimental birds for determination of phytin-phosphorus in the diets, pre-caeca digesta and faecal
droppings. The phytin phosphorus level in experimental diets ranged from 0.5810.01mg in diet 3 to 0.68+0.01mg/g in reference
diet. The phytin Phosphorus concentration in the pre-caeca digesta of the ileo-caeco-colonic junction ranged from
0.24#0.01mg/g in diet 5 to 0.34+0.01mg/g in reference diet. Diet 3 had the lowest phytin phosphorus concentration in faecal
droppings followed by diets 54, reference diet and diet 2 at 0.07+0.01mg/g, 0.0840.02mg/g ,0.11+0.02mg/g, 0.14t0.01mg/g
and 0.1910.02 mg/g, respectively. It was concluded that less phytin-phosphorus was noticeable in the pre-caeca digesta and
fecal droppings from experimental birds on phytase supplemented diets which implied that breakdown of phytin complex and
absorption of nutrients had taken place in the digestive system.

Author Biographies

O. T. mola Dara, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State

Department of Agricultural Technology 

A. O. Fasuyi, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti

Department of Animal Production and Health Sciences 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Dara, O. T. mola, & Fasuyi, A. O. . (2024). Determination of Phytin Phosphorus in Feed, Pre-Caeca Digesta and Faecal Droppings in Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Supplemented With or Without Phytase. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 470–472. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5378

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