Chemical Composition of Neem (Azadiractha indica) Plant Parts as Feed Resources for Ruminants

Authors

  • O. A. Fasae Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B.2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
  • T. O. Aganto Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B.2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Keywords:

leaf, Azadiractha indica, bark, seeds, chemical compositions

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the proximate and phytochemical compositions of Neem (Azadirachta indica) plant leaves, seeds and stem bark. Fresh matured neem leaves, seeds and bark were harvested, air dried and ground into meal. The meals were analyzed for their proximate and phytochemical compositions. The stem bark and leaves had significantly (p<0.05) higher dry matter values than the seeds. The leaf had significantly (p<0.05) higher crude protein and ash values than the bark and seed. Values for acid and neutral detergent fibres, and acid detergent lignin were significantly (p<0.05) different among the samples with the bark recording the highest followed by the leaves. The alkaloid, flavonoid, tannin and saponin values were significantly (p<0.05) different from each plant part with the bark having the highest value followed by the leaf. It is concluded that the high crude protein content of Neem leaf and the low phytochemical values of the seed and leaf relative to the bark should be exploited as feed resources for ruminants.

Author Biographies

O. A. Fasae, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B.2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Department of Animal Production and Health, 

T. O. Aganto, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B.2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Department of Animal Production and Health

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Fasae, O. A. ., & Aganto, T. O. . (2024). Chemical Composition of Neem (Azadiractha indica) Plant Parts as Feed Resources for Ruminants. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 742–745. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5780

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