Effect of Toasted Castor Seed Meal (TCSM) on Serum Biochemistry of Grower Rabbits Supplemented with or without Quantum Blue® Enzyme

Authors

  • S. E. Alu Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  • M .M. Ari Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  • S. V. Bitrus Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  • I. O. Egya Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Quantum blue® enzyme, Castor seeds, blood serum, grower rabbits, toasting, ricin

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate effect of toasted castor seed meal (TCSM) on serum biochemistry of grower rabbits supplemented with or without Quantum blue® enzyme.Twenty weaner rabbits of average live weight of 660.45±12.05 were utilized and allotted to 4 diets namely T1, T2, T3 and T4 which were compounded to be isonitrogenous (15% crude protein) and isocaloric (2850kcal/kg, ME) with two levels (0 and 30%) of TCSM. Treatments T1 and T2 contained 0% TCSM with 0 and 100ppm of enzyme, respectively. Treatments T3 and T4 contained 30% TCSM with 0 and 100ppm of enzyme, respectively; the experimental design was 2X2 factorial arrangement. At the end of the feeding trial which lasted for 42 days, blood samples were collected from the ears veins of 4 rabbits per treatment using 5mls sterile disposable syringes and emptied into sample bottles without anti-coagulant to allow clotting of the blood and used to evaluate serum biochemical constituents. The result obtained showed that all the parameters evaluated due to TCSM did not show significant variation (p>0.05). However, enzyme supplementation significantly (p<0.05) improved albumin from 22.83 to 28.00mmol/L but reduced phosphorus (5.30 to 4.43 mmol/L). Similarly, the interactive effects of enzyme supplementation and TCSM improved (p<0.05) albumin (20.00 vs. 25.67 vs. 30.67 and 25.33 g/L), calcium (2.50 vs. 2.03 vs. 2.33 and 3.00mmol/L) and albumin (20.00 vs. 25.67 vs. 30.67 and 25.33 g/L). In conclusion, inclusion of 30% TCSM and supplementation of Quantum blue®enzyme at 100 ppm alleviates the presence of ricin and improves acceptance, absorption and utilization of feed by grower rabbits.

Author Biographies

S. E. Alu, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture 

M .M. Ari, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture 

S. V. Bitrus, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture 

I. O. Egya, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Shabu-Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Alu, S. E. ., Ari, M. .M., Bitrus, S. V. . ., & Egya, I. O. (2024). Effect of Toasted Castor Seed Meal (TCSM) on Serum Biochemistry of Grower Rabbits Supplemented with or without Quantum Blue® Enzyme. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 1228–1231. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/6276

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