Biochemical Differentiation of Selected Indigenous Cattle Breeds in Nigeria

Authors

  • A. D Oladepo Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria
  • A. E Salako University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria
  • M. O Akinyemi University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria
  • H. O Osaiyuwu University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria

Keywords:

Carbonic anhydrase, cattle, differentiation, haemoglobin, transferrin

Abstract

Variations in genetic resources are the basis for effective genetic improvement in farm animals. Population differentiation is used for objective choice of parental genotypes that constitutes new hybrids in crossbreeding. In Nigeria, population characteristics of some selected indigenous cattle breeds have not been fully documented. Therefore, biochemical differentiation of some selected indigenous cattle breeds in Nigeria was assessed using their blood protein polymorphism. Blood samples (5mL) were taken underneath the tail by venipuncture from 40 cattle randomly selected from each of the five selected breeds. The samples were subjected to cellulose acetate electrophoresis to determine the genetic variants of haemoglobin (Hb), carbonic anhydrase (CA) and transferrin (Tf) following standard procedure. Data were analyzed using allele frequencies and cluster analysis. Allele frequencies ranged between0.10 (HbA+) and 0.90 (HbB+), 0.11 (CAF+) and 0.89 (CAFS) and 0.02 (TfA+) and 0.49 (TfAE) across the breed. Two main clusters from the dendrogram were observed for each of Hb, CA and Tf. Genetic variants of transferrin were largest within breed which indicated the potential for selection.

Author Biographies

A. D Oladepo, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Science

A. E Salako, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria

Department of Animal Science

M. O Akinyemi, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria

Department of Animal Science

H. O Osaiyuwu, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,Nigeria

Department of Animal Science

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Oladepo, A. D., Salako, A. E., Akinyemi, M. O., & Osaiyuwu, H. O. (2024). Biochemical Differentiation of Selected Indigenous Cattle Breeds in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 22–24. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/4101

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