Blood Metabolites and Carcass Characteristics of West African Dwarf (Wad) Goats Fed Bread Waste and Moringa oleifera Leaf

Authors

  • S. K. Ayandiran Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.
  • S. M. Odeyinka Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.
  • J. A. Odedire Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.

Keywords:

Blood, carcass, WAD goats, Bread waste, Moringa oleifera

Abstract

The study evaluated the blood metabolites and carcass quality of twenty WAD goats fed bread waste and Moringa oleifera leaf. The goats, 6-7 months old were allotted to four treatments (5 goats per treatment) in a completely randomized design. The experiment lasted for twenty weeks. Four concentrate diets (T1, T2, T3 and T4) were compounded by the inclusion of bread waste and Moringa oleifera leaf at 0, 25, 50 and 100% respectively. The goats fed diets T2, T3 and T4 had significantly lower (p<0.05) cholesterol levels (52.83, 45.11, and 33.69 mg/dl respectively) than T1 (54.89 mg/dl). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) among the means of the hematological indices across the treatments. However, the total protein of goats fed diets T2, T3 and T4 were significantly higher (p<0.05) than T1. The hot carcass weights of goats fed diets T4 (4.56 kg) and T3 (4.45 kg) were significantly higher than those on diets T2 (4.21 kg) and T1 (4.01kg). The animals fed diet T1 had significant highest (p<0.05) value for the lungs, kidney and spleen weight compared to diets T2, T3 and T4. It could be concluded that inclusion of bread waste and Moringa oleifera leaf in the diet of WAD goats reduced blood cholesterol level, enhanced flesh deposition in the carcass and no visible abnormalities were observed on the visceral organs.

Author Biographies

S. K. Ayandiran, Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.

Department of Animal Sciences 

S. M. Odeyinka, Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.

Department of Animal Sciences 

J. A. Odedire , Obafemi Awolowo University, A234, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Nigeria.

Department of Animal Sciences 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Ayandiran, S. K., Odeyinka, S. M., & Odedire , J. A. (2024). Blood Metabolites and Carcass Characteristics of West African Dwarf (Wad) Goats Fed Bread Waste and Moringa oleifera Leaf. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 717–719. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5730

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