A Preliminary Study of Prevalence of Laminitis in Nigerian Trade Horses at Obollo-Afor, Enugu State, Nigeria

Authors

  • K. C. Ogbanya University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • C. A. Eze University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • J. I. Ihedioha University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • T. O. Nnaji University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • P. C. Ugwu University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Keywords:

Nigerian horses, laminitis, hoof, lameness

Abstract

The study was carried out to investigate prevalence and risk factors for laminitis in Nigerian horses by the use of conventional
radiological indices for laminitis diagnosis. A total of 212 Nigerian horses were evaluated in a 4 month period comprising of 2
months of the dry season(January and February 2016) and 2 months of the rainy season (June and July, 2016). Confimed
hoof-related forelimb lameness horses were radiographically assessed for laminitis. The horses were grouped based on sex,
season and aged as young (1 - 5 years), adult (6 - 10 years) and old (11 years and above). Out of the 212 horses assessed, 66
(31.1%) had hoof-related lameness conditions while 39 (18.4%) horses were radiographically confined to be laminitic. Females
(8.5%) had a slightly non significant (p >0.05) higher prevalence of laminitis than male horses (9.9%). Young (14%) horses had
the least prevalent rate of laminitis whereas adult (9.0%) and old (8.0%) horses had the highest. Prevalence of laminitis was
significantly (p < 0.05) higher in rainy season (11.8%) than dry season (6.6%).

Author Biographies

K. C. Ogbanya, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology 

C. A. Eze, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology 

J. I. Ihedioha, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology 

T. O. Nnaji, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology 

P. C. Ugwu, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Animal Health and Production 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Ogbanya, K. C. ., Eze, C. A., Ihedioha, J. I., Nnaji, T. O. ., & Ugwu, P. C. (2024). A Preliminary Study of Prevalence of Laminitis in Nigerian Trade Horses at Obollo-Afor, Enugu State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 952–953. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/6036

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