Whole Unfermented African Locust Bean (WUALBF) Flour (Parkia biglobosa) as Non-Conventional Extender in Frankfurter-type Sausage

Authors

  • V. Attoh-Kotoku Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
  • O. O Olusola University of Ibadan, Oyo State.
  • F Osafo Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
  • A. B Omojola University of Ibadan, Oyo State.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51791/njap.v43i2.987

Keywords:

Whole locust bean, sausage, cost, sensory attributes, extender

Abstract

Frankfurter-type sausages were produced using Whole Unfermented African Locust Bean Flour (WUALBF) to substitute Ground Beef (GB) in the product formulation at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively. Dried African Locust bean seeds (Parkia biglobosa) were obtained from the Crops Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Kumasi, Ghana. They were cooked overnight to soften the testa, which was carefully removed by pressing between palms and separated by swirling in water bath through a colander of 25mm sieve diameter. The resultant beans were sun dried, milled into flour for incorporation into the sausage formulations. Protein, fibre and cooking yield increased significantly (P0.05). Sensory evaluation revealed very high score (P0.05) on appearance, tenderness, juiciness and pH of the product. Production cost reduced by 6.5%, 12.92%, 24.32% and 29.60% respectively when using 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% WUALBF in Frankfurter-type sausages. The results suggest that WUALBF has promising potential as a non-conventional extender in Frankfurter-type Sausage

Author Biographies

V. Attoh-Kotoku, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Animal Science Department

O. O Olusola, University of Ibadan, Oyo State.

Animal Science Department

F Osafo, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Animal Science Department

A. B Omojola, University of Ibadan, Oyo State.

Animal Science Department

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Published

2021-01-09

Issue

Section

Articles