Performance and Economic Benefits of Broilers Fed Diets Containing Raw and Variously Processed Mucuna Sloanei (Velvet Bean) Seed Meal

Authors

  • U. E. Ewa Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State
  • T. Oriolowo Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State
  • O. H. Uzoegbu Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State
  • A. H. Akinmutimi Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State

Keywords:

Mucuna, maxi-grain, toasting, raw, boiling

Abstract

A study was conducted using one hundred and fifty day old broiler chicks to evaluate the performance of broilers fed raw and variously processed Mucuna sloanei seed meal diet. The birds were obtained from a reputable hatchery (Fidan hatchery, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria). The birds were allowed to stabilize for 10days before being randomly assigned to five dietary treatments each replicated into 3 of 10 birds per replicate in a completely randomized design (CRD). Enzyme used was maxigrain. Five experimental diets were formulated, thus; T1 (control), T2 (raw), T3 (raw with enzyme), T4 (boiled with enzyme), and T5 (toasted with enzyme), and the inclusion level was 10% for all treatments. Feed and water were given ad-libitum throughout the duration of the experiment which lasted for 49 days. Parameters considered were; growth performance and economics of production. There were significant differences in all parameters considered under growth performance except for initial weight. The control performed significantly (p<0.05) better than all in all parameters closely followed by diet 5 (Toasted and mixed with enzyme) while the T2 (raw) performed worst in all parameters. Control had 2.54 for feed to gain ratio while T2, T3, T4 and T5 had 3.48, 3.35, 3.38 and 3.15 respectively. Control had 1693.30g for Total weight gain while T2, T3, T4 and T5 had 919.83g, 1068.40, 1080.33 and 1162.07 respectively. For total feed intake, control had 4295.33g while T2, T3, T4 and T5 had 3190.00g, 371.33g, 3650.67g and 3651.17g respectively. For revenue, control had N1658.65 that was significantly (p<0.05) higher than others closely followed by T5 (N1180.26), T4 (N1107.00), T3 (N1096.26) and lastly T2 (N962.25). Control had (1124.82) for gross margin which was significantly (p<0.05) higher than all closely followed by T5 (727.38), T3 (656.86), T4 (654.19) and lastly T2 (569.76). The result showed that T1(birds fed soya bean based diet) performed better in all parameters considered and that Mucuna sloanei inclusion up to 10% in broiler diet even when mix with enzyme could not compare with birds fed soya bean based diet.

Author Biographies

U. E. Ewa, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State

Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Science, College of Animal Science and Animal Production 

T. Oriolowo, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State

 

Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Science, College of Animal Science and Animal Production 

O. H. Uzoegbu, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State

 

Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Science, College of Animal Science and Animal Production 

A. H. Akinmutimi, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State

Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Science, College of Animal Science and Animal Production 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Ewa, U. E., Oriolowo, T. ., Uzoegbu, O. H. ., & Akinmutimi, A. H. (2024). Performance and Economic Benefits of Broilers Fed Diets Containing Raw and Variously Processed Mucuna Sloanei (Velvet Bean) Seed Meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 535–538. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5472

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