Antioxidant Enzyme Status in Broiler Chicken: Role of Dietary Supplementation of Pawpaw Leaf and Seed Meal Composite Mix

Authors

  • O. D. Oloruntola Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria;
  • S. O. Ayodele The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • E. S. Ayedun The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • O. T. Daramola The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • A. O. Jimoh The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • S .A. Adeyeye Federal College of Agriculture, Akure, Nigeria
  • I. S. Omoniyi The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • C. O. Osowe University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • D. J. Akinjoye University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Keywords:

Antioxidant, enzyme, broiler chicken, pawpaw leaf/seed

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the role of dietary supplementation of pawpaw leaf and seed meal composite mix on antioxidant enzyme status in broiler chicken. Pawpaw leaves were harvested, chopped into smaller pieces, air-dried and milled to pawpaw leaf meal (PLM). Seeds of ripe pawpaw fruits were also air-dried and ground to pawpaw seed meal (PSM). The PLM and PSM were mixed together at ration 3:1 to form a pawpaw leaf and seed meal composite mix (PLSMM) and analysed for chemical analysis. Two basal diets were formulated for the starter (0 to 21 days of age) and grower/finisher phase (22 to 42 days of age). Thereafter, basal diets were divided into six (6) portions. Portion one (Diet 1), contained 0g/kg PLSMM supplementation, portion two (Diet 2), was supplemented with 2 g/kg PLSMM, while portions three (Diet 3), four (Diet4), five (Diet 5) and six (Diet 6) were supplemented with 4, 6, 8 and 10 g/kg respectively. On day 42 of the experiment, blood was collected from 3 birds per replicate into aplain bottle for antioxidant enzymes determination. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity significantly (p<0.05) increased in the broilers fed diets supplemented with 6, 8 and 10g/kg PLSMM. Significantly (p<0.05) increased glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity was recorded at 4, 6, 8 and 10g/kg PLSMM dietary supplementation when compared to 0g/kg and 2g/kg PLSMM dietary supplementation. Catalase (CAT) activity significantly (p<0.05) increased in birds fed 8g/kg PLSMM supplemented diets when compared to the other diets.

Author Biographies

O. D. Oloruntola, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria;

Department of Animal Science  

S. O. Ayodele, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Technology  

E. S. Ayedun, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Technology  

O. T. Daramola, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Technology 

A. O. Jimoh, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Technology 

S .A. Adeyeye, Federal College of Agriculture, Akure, Nigeria

Department of Animal Health and Production 

I. S. Omoniyi, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Technology 

C. O. Osowe, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Animal Science 

D. J. Akinjoye, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Animal Science 

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Oloruntola, O. D., Ayodele, S. O. ., Ayedun, E. S. ., Daramola, O. T. ., Jimoh, A. O., Adeyeye, S. .A., Omoniyi, I. S., Osowe, C. O. ., & Akinjoye, D. J. (2024). Antioxidant Enzyme Status in Broiler Chicken: Role of Dietary Supplementation of Pawpaw Leaf and Seed Meal Composite Mix. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 558–561. Retrieved from https://njap.org.ng/index.php/njap/article/view/5492

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